Difference between C and C++
What is C programming?
C is a middle-level language, which was developed by Dennis Ritchie in 1972 which combines the functionalities of a low and a high-level programming language. Therefore it’s considered a middle-level programming language.
It allows you to develop a framework as well as portable apps. The C programming language was made with an objective of writing system tools. It’s a perfect language for making framework systems.
What is C++ programming?
C ++ is a language that contains the function of both C as well as Simula67 ( a first object Oriented programming language). C ++ was the first to introduce the concept of objects and class.
It encapsulates low and high-level language functions. So, it’s seen as an intermediate level. Earlier it was named C with Classes as it has whole the properties of the C programming.
What are the differences between C and C++ programming?
The key difference among both programming languages is C programming is a procedural language and doesn’t support objects and classes, while C++ is a mixture of both object-oriented and procedural languages.
Languages – C supports procedural programming for the development of code whereas C++ supports both procedural and object oriented programming therefore it is also called hybrid programming language.
Structure – C programming is a feature-driven language. For instance, it uses features like printft and Scanf for input/output. on the other hand, C++ is an object driven programming language that utilizes objects such as cout and Cin for input/output.
Objects oriented support – C programming doesn’t support OOP, so it has to no support for inheritance, encapsulation as well as polymorphism. On the other side, C++ is object-oriented language and supports these features.
Memory – C uses malloc() and calloc() for dynamic memory distribution, and free() for memory de-allocation. whereas C++ uses new operator for allocation and the delete operator for de-allocation.
So let’s Summarize our comparison of c vs c++ in a tabular format.
|Introduction||C was developed by Dennis Ritchie in 1972.||C++ was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1979.|
|Language||It is a Procedural Oriented language.||It is an Object-Oriented Programming language.|
|File extension||The extension for a c program is is .c||The extension for a c++ program is .cpp|
|encapsulation||Does not support encapsulation. As Data and functions are separate and free entities.||Supports encapsulation. Data and functions are encapsulated together as an object.|
|Approach||C has a Top Down programming approach.||C++ has Bottom Up programming approach.|
|Driven type||C in general known as function-driven language.||On the other hand, C++ is known as object driven language.|