how to compare characters in python

== : This checks whether two strings are equal.
!= ...
< : This checks if the string on its left is smaller than that on its right.
<= : This checks if the string on its left is smaller than or equal to that on its right.
> : This checks if the string on its left is greater than that on its right.

Here is what the above code is Doing:
1. It’s checking if the string “Hello” is equal to the string “Hello”.
2. It’s checking if the string “Hello” is not equal to the string “Hello”.
3. It’s checking if the string “Hello” is smaller than the string “Hello”.
4. It’s checking if the string “Hello” is smaller than or equal to the string “Hello”.
5. It’s checking if the string “Hello” is greater than the string “Hello”.

As you can see, the == and != operators work as expected. The <, <=, and > operators, however, compare the strings based on their lexicographical order.

In other words, the <, <=, and > operators will compare the strings character by character. If the first character of the left string is smaller than the first character of the right string, then the left string is smaller than the right string. If the first character of the left string is greater than the first character of the right string, then the left string is greater than the right string.

If the first character of the left string is equal to the first character of the right string, then the second character of the left string is compared to the second character of the right string, and so on.

Here are some examples:

“Hello” < "Hello" False "Hello" < "HeLLo" True "Hello" < "Hillo" True "Hello" < "Hellow" True "Hello" < "Helloworld" True "world" < "world" False "world" < "World" True "world" < "worlD" True "world" < "worlE" True "world" < "worlF" True "world" < "worlG" True "world" < "worlH" True "world" < "worlI" True "world" < "worlJ" True "world" < "worlK" True "world" < "worlL" True "world" < "worlM" True "world"