create eth1 interface in ubuntu without any physical interface 1

create eth1 interface in ubuntu without any physical interface

Setting up a dummy interface

If you want to create network interfaces, but lack a physical NIC to back it, you can use the dummy link type. You can read more about them here: iproute2 Wikipedia page.

Creating eth10

To make this interface you'd first need to make sure that you have the dummy kernel module loaded. You can do this like so:

$ sudo lsmod | grep dummy
$ sudo modprobe dummy
$ sudo lsmod | grep dummy

dummy                  12960  0 
With the driver now loaded you can create what ever dummy network interfaces you like:

$ sudo ip link add eth10 type dummy

NOTE: In older versions of ip you'd do the above like this, appears to have changed along the way. Keeping this here for reference purposes, but based on feedback via comments, the above works now.

$ sudo ip link set name eth10 dev dummy0
And confirm it:

$ ip link show eth10
6: eth10:  mtu 1500 qdisc noop state DOWN mode DEFAULT group default 
    link/ether c6:ad:af:42:80:45 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
Changing the MAC
You can then change the MAC address if you like:

$ sudo ifconfig eth10 hw ether 00:22:22:ff:ff:ff
$ ip link show eth10
6: eth10:  mtu 1500 qdisc noop state DOWN mode DEFAULT group default 
    link/ether 00:22:22:ff:ff:ff brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
Creating an alias
You can then create aliases on top of eth10.

$ sudo ip addr add 192.168.100.199/24 brd + dev eth10 label eth10:0
And confirm them like so:

$ ifconfig -a eth10
eth10: flags=130  mtu 1500
        ether 00:22:22:ff:ff:ff  txqueuelen 0  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

$ ifconfig -a eth10:0
eth10:0: flags=130  mtu 1500
        inet 192.168.100.199  netmask 255.255.255.0  broadcast 192.168.100.255
        ether 00:22:22:ff:ff:ff  txqueuelen 0  (Ethernet)
Or using ip:

$ ip a | grep -w inet
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
    inet 192.168.1.20/24 brd 192.168.1.255 scope global wlp3s0
    inet 192.168.122.1/24 brd 192.168.122.255 scope global virbr0
    inet 192.168.100.199/24 brd 192.168.100.255 scope global eth10:0
Removing all this?
If you want to unwind all this you can run these commands to do so:

$ sudo ip addr del 192.168.100.199/24 brd + dev eth10 label eth10:0
$ sudo ip link delete eth10 type dummy
$ sudo rmmod dummy

Here is what the above code is Doing:
1. Load the dummy kernel module.
2. Create a dummy interface called eth10.
3. Change the MAC address of eth10.
4. Create an alias on top of eth10 called eth10:0.
5. Remove the alias.
6. Remove the dummy interface.
7. Unload the dummy kernel module.

Similar Posts